Mt. Zion is located south-west of today’s historic city center. It had been included in the walled city of Jerusalem throughout various eras. The relevance of Mount Zion for archaeology lies in its impact on the history of the city of Jerusalem during Early Iron Age IIB/C and from the Hellenistic (Hasmonean).
The GPIA’s excavations are located along the southwestern slopes of Mt. Zion: the ‘Anglican-Protestant Cemetery’(Area I)and the ‘Greek Garden’(Area II), to the north, on the way towards the Benedictine Dormitio-Abbey.
The Anglican-Protestant Cemetery, in which excavation Area I of the GPIA is located, was established during the mid-19th century by a joint diocese of the Anglican and the Prussian church. While the diocese was disbanded after a few years, the cemetery continued to be used by both parties, and an extension towards south has been added. Graves on the latest terracing, located near the excavations, suggest it was established in the early 20th century.
Left: The grave of Conrad Schick – the first archaeologist of the city of Jerusalem – is located on the Anglican-Prussian cemetery, not far from the GPIA’s excavation Area I.
Above: Mt. Zion cemetery.