The excavation of the GPIA in the Anglican-Prussian cemetery follows those conducted in that area by Bliss and Dickie during the 19th and Bargil Pixner in the 20th century. From this older excavations, three succeeding thresholds representing the gates of three eras as well as the remains of an iron-age city wall were already known to be expected. During the Iron-Age, the Hasmonean-Herodian period and the Byzantine era, Mount Zion was included in the city’s defences.
It is the goal of the GPIAs excavation that started in 2015 to explore the settlement structures of the city of Jerusalem inside these city walls. Based on the dating of the gates and city wall, the team expected at the remains of contemporary settlements in the area. More than 80 m2 of untouched, unexcavated terrain in the Protestant Cemetery and more than 150 m2 in the Greek Garden promise a unique possibility of a deeper insight into Jerusalem’s history of the past 3000 years. 3-D Models of the GPIA’s Mt. Zion Excavation Project under: https://sketchfab.com/archaeobotics/collections/mount-zion-cemetery-jerusa-lem-israel © GPIA/Jochen Reinhard.